Rhea “Ruth” Mojica Hammer (Cook County, Illinois), 1973

Rhea “Ruth” Mojica Hammer is a civil rights leader, feminist, and respected media personality. In 1972, she launched her grassroots campaign for Democratic nomincation of the 7th District in Chicago, Illinois.  She was also the first Mexican American woman to run for Congress at that time. Though her campaign was unsuccessful, Mojica Hammer managed the successful campaign of  Irene Hernandez, the first Mexican American woman to serve as a Cook County Commissioner in Chicago. She was one of the founders of the Mexican American Business and Professional Women’s Club of Chicago. Mojica Hammer was also involved in La Raza Unida Party and the second-wave feminist movement during the 1970s. She was an iconic public personality with her newspaper, El Clarin, a bilingual newspaper that centered Chicana/o voices, and worked as a producer for a Spanish language program in Chicago.

From 1973-1975, Mojica Hammer served as the first vice-chair of the National Women’s Political Caucus. Then, in 1976, President Jimmy Carter appointed Mojica Hammer to the President’s Commission for the InternationalWomen’s Year — National Women’s Conference which was held in Houston in 1977. In the late 1970s, she was on the Census Advisory Committee on the Spanish Origin Population for the 1980 census.

Title “3 women pull together with positive rights plea”
Date November 18, 1977
Source The Daily Herald

Rhea Mojica Hammers speaks with voters.

Title “4th District Race Tight”
Date March 16, 1972
Source Chicago Tribune

Mojica Hammer is quoted for saying that Latina/os are underrepresented in mainstream media.

Title “Group Formed to Make Presence Felt; We Exist, Latins Say,” Lansing State Journal. April 10, 1972.
Date April 27, 2005
Source The Desert Sun



Congressional District map printed in the Chicago Tribune. Map illustrates shows the 7th District, the neighborhoods that Mojica Hammer campaigned to represent in 1972

Title “2 Democrats Face Spunky Challengers in 5th, 7th Districts”
Date March 19, 1972
Source Chicago Tribune